A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa, and the flower of this shrub. The name originates from Latin rosa, borrowed through Oscan from colonial Greek in southern Italy.
Roses are one of the most popular garden shrubs, as well as the most popular and commonly-sold florists' flowers. In addition to their great economic importance as a florists' crop, roses are also of great value to the perfume industry.
Remains of roses have been found in Egyptian tombs, and a red rose is depicted at the 4,000 year old palace at Knossos in Crete.
It was possibly the first plant matter distilled by Avicenna in his alchemical experiments.
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